Like most organisations The New Baxter Society places cookies on your computer to help us make your experience of this website better. To find out more about the cookies we use, see our Cookie Policy.

If you'd like to disable cookies on this device, please view our How to Manage Cookies information. Please be aware that parts of the site will not function correctly if you disable cookies.

By clicking this button, you consent to our use of cookies on this device in accordance with our Cookie Policy.


By continuing to view this site if you have not disabled cookies on this device, you consent to our use of cookies on this device in accordance with our Cookie Policy

If you click the above button to accept cookies from this site this message will disappear and make your visits to this website more enjoyable. This message may reappear from time to time and is shown to comply with the European directive on the use of cookies.

Feature March 2015

Baxter Licences

In 1849 Baxter found that his position in the colour printing field was being increasingly threatened by competition. In an effort to alleviate this threat, Baxter offered to the opposition, on the payment of a fee, the opportunity to take up a licence to print by his process, which was still protected by a patent.

Five printers took up this offer, and they were A. Le Blond, Jos. Mansell, W. Dickes, Myers and J.M. Kronheim.

The effect of issuing licences to Kronheim and the other licensee printers, as well as increased competition from other colour printers using different techniques, was to prove the death-knell for Baxter’s business. He refused to reduce the quality of his printing, which could have cheapened his production process, and he became increasingly uncompetitive.

This table lists Baxter’s annual output of new subjects before and after the issuing of the licences:

1835/49186
185052
18519
18528
185322
185438 including 16 Great Exhibition statue subjects
185516 including 11 Baxterotypes
185620
18578
185810
18598
18602

Although this list indicates a reducing output, it does not cover further production runs of prints previously produced.